Low-emission fuels are becoming increasingly popular in the Nordic transport sector. Six Swedish logistic companies that are part of MaserFrakt recently tested trucks that used liquefied biogas (LBG) as fuel. The companies’ expectations of significantly lower emissions and a better operating environment were exceeded.
The transition to cleaner energy is accelerating in Sweden as the government is actively trying to reach national and EU emission goals. In the transport sector, the EU regulation on CO2 emission performance standards states that average CO2 emissions of new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) must be 15% lower in 2025 than in 2019. In addition, in 2030, emissions must be at least 30% lower. Sweden has set higher goals than the EU and aims to lower the CO2 emissions of new HDVs by 70% before 2030. These ambitious goals have made logistics companies look to renewable, low-emission fuel solutions, such as LBG.
Six logistics companies in Sweden tested LBG trucks as a way to reduce their emissions. These logistic companies are part of MaserFrakt, the biggest transportation company in Sweden. According to MaserFrakt, the companies that tested LBG were happy with its climate impact and the drivers appreciated the quiet engines of the LBG trucks.
“According to the drivers, there was little difference between driving a diesel truck and an LBG truck, which is very positive. The quieter engine sound is great as well because it means a better working environment for our drivers,” says Frida Jahncke, fuel manager, MaserFrakt.
The companies also noted that as LBG is a cost-effective fuel, its impact on overall costs can easily be enhanced by a sensible way of driving and the commitment of drivers to the change. One of Maserfrakt’s drivers testing an LBG truck was able to lower his average fuel consumption from 2.7 kg per 10 km to 2.59 kg. With a gas price of SEK 13.54/kg (excluding VAT), this means a cost of SEK 35.07 per 10 km, which is remarkably low.
Over the lifecycle of the fuel, renewable LBG can help to cut greenhouse gas emissions by up to 90% compared to fossil fuel. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) can achieve emissions reductions of up to 20%. Since biogas utilizes the same gas infrastructure as natural gas, switching to biogas is both easy and cost effective.
The potential of LBG and LNG in decreasing road transportation emissions has been noted by multiple logistic companies in the Nordics. For example, already more than 1,000 gas-fueled trucks have been approved for subsidies under the Klimatklivet and Drive LBG climate investment programs in Sweden. Liquefied gas is recognized as a low-emission alternative fuel and trucks running on LNG and LBG are considered environmentally friendly trucks under the new incentive program Klimatpremien. These incentive programs are rapidly increasing the number of liquefied gas trucks on the road and boosting market conditions. Gasum aims to support the climate efforts of the Nordic countries by expanding the gas filling station network in Sweden, Finland and Norway.
“We need to work together to reduce the climate impact of road transport and reach the ambitious goals set by the EU and the Swedish government. We’re glad that companies such as MaserFrakt are looking into low-emission fuel solutions and testing them so thoroughly,” adds Mikael Antonsson, Director Traffic, Gasum Sweden.
After the tests, MaserFrakt said that they are looking forward to new investments in the gas sector, so LNG trucks can show their potential in a wider operating environment.