What does LNG mean? What about LBG?
Gas-related abbreviations can be a bit confusing. Here’s our quick guide to Gasum gas products for transport.
LNG = liquefied natural gas
LBG = liquefied biogas
CNG = compressed natural gas
CBG = compressed biogas
Gas-powered trucks reduce transport emissions in Europe’s biggest countries
Some of the biggest companies in Europe are opting for gas-powered trucks. At the same time, several European countries are expanding their gas infrastructure. As a result, Jens Andersen, the Secretary General of The Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association NGVA Europe waits for EU’s policy makers to take a step in the same direction.
The market for gas-powered trucks is thriving in Europe. In 2020, the continent had 15,000 trucks running on liquefied gas (LNG/LBG) on the roads and the number is growing rapidly. The trend is a conscious industry choice which has led to many large companies such as Amazon to equip their heavy-duty road transport fleets with gas-powered trucks.
The growth is also driven by the strict emission targets of logistic companies’ customers. This favours especially the use of 100% renewable liquefied biogas (LBG). The share of biogas in European gas-powered road transport is already 25% and in the Nordic countries this figure is up to 90%.
“In my experience, industry members share a lot of information amongst each other in their everyday operations and are quick to adopt best practices they observe,” says Dr Jens Andersen, Secretary General of NGVA Europe.
Gas-powered trucks lower emissions without compromising performance
Transport is currently the only sector in Europe that has seen rising carbon emissions over the past decade. Heavy-duty road transport is no exception to this as about 90% of trucks still run on diesel.
Use of fully renewable biogas reduces fuel’s CO2 emissions from well-to-wheel up to 90% when compared to conventional fuels, such as diesel. Well-to-wheel emissions include all the emissions caused by the production, processing, distribution, and use of fuel, whereas tailpipe emissions include only the emissions caused by the use of fuel.
Gasum’s biogas is always produced from organic waste and residue such as household waste.
Gas is also better for human health as it significantly reduces trucks’ close-range emissions that contain harmful agents, such as NOx and carcinogens.
“Gas-powered trucks are attractive to logistic companies because of their performance. While fully charged electric trucks could only cover distances of up to 500 kilometres and hydrogen trucks up to 1,000 kilometres, gas-powered trucks can drive for up to 1,700 kilometres without refuelling,” Dr Andersen points out.
For example, Volvo relies on LBG powered trucks as the most commercially viable alternative for lowering emissions in long-haul transports.
The European policymakers need to catch up
The progress of gas-powered road transport is also enabled by several European governments. Active measures have been taken to expand the gas infrastructure, for example, in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. This has doubled the number of gas filling stations in just two years.
Outside Europe the US, especially California, is touting the potential of biogas. Additionally, China is the world’s biggest market for gas-powered trucks.
However, the development in Europe is affected by the differentiating views at the EU level. The legislators are split into those who want to use the opportunities offered by gas to cut emissions immediately and those who want to abolish the internal-combustion engine altogether.
EU regulators are also reluctant to evaluate the carbon emissions of fuels based on well-to-wheel, rather than a tailpipe approach.
“I hope this will be rethought when the European Commission presents its proposal for new CO₂ emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles towards the end of 2022,” says Dr Andersen.